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What You Need to Know About Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery (MISS)

Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery or MISS involves fewer incisions and causes less tissue and muscle damage than other types of spine surgery. Following the procedure, there is typically less pain and a quicker recovery.

Open surgery is the term for the common spine surgery technique. This involves a long incision down the back. Removing the muscles and soft tissues surrounding the spine would be necessary. But thanks to robotics and improved instruments, professionals have made less invasive spine procedures increasingly prevalent through minimally invasive spine surgeries.

This article will provide more information about this kind of treatment.

When should I consider having minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS)?

Surgery is not typically necessary for those who have back spasms. If you’re seeking back pain relief and previous treatments—like medication or physical therapy—didn’t work, your doctor may suggest spine surgery. 

Some condition includes ailments like:

  • Infection in the spine
  • Herniated disc
  • Spinal instability
  • Fractured vertebra
  • Spinal deformities (like scoliosis)
  • Spinal stenosis (narrowing of the spinal canal)
  • Removal of a tumor in the spine

Not all spine surgeries, however, can be performed with MISS and not all hospitals or other surgical facilities are equipped for MISS.

The advantages of minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS)

Here are some benefits of minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS):

  • Fewer risks
  • Faster surgery time
  • Less trauma or risk of muscle damage
  • Less damage to the skin from small incisions
  • Less blood loss
  • Lower risk of infection
  • Shorter recovery time
  • Less rehab or physical therapy needed
  • Reduced need for pain medications

The risks of minimally invasive spine surgery (MISS)

Every surgery has a certain amount of risk. The following are some risks of minimally invasive spine surgery:

  • Infection
  • Excessive bleeding
  • Nerve injury
  • Blood clots
  • Anesthesia-related complications
  • A spinal fluid leak
  • Headaches or other issues could result from this.

Your age, general health, and the type of surgery you receive might all affect your risks. But they may be reduced if you undergo the procedure at a clinic with expertise in this technique.

How effective is minimally invasive spinal surgery?

Because they are easier on the person, MISSs are becoming more and more common. They remain effective and are regarded as safer. Endoscopic microdiscectomies, one type of MISS, had success rates comparable to those of open microdiscectomies. This type of surgery may be recommended over the open variant due to the similar success rates and lower possible hazards.

Moreover, MISS patients have fewer adverse surgical and postoperative outcomes. They can resume their jobs sooner than patients who undergo open back surgery.

How long does it take to recover from minimally invasive back surgery?

Any back surgery requires healing time. However, the recovery window is frequently smaller for those with MISS. Your doctor will go over any limits and limitations with you, such as:

  • Avoid showering for a day or two following surgery
  • Refrain from lifting heavy objects for at least a month.
  • Avoid heavy activity for at least one month.

After surgery, some patients will need physical therapy for faster recovery, and doctors might suggest that you take some light painkillers to alleviate discomfort. Make sure to follow all treatment and follow-up visit instructions given to you by your healthcare practitioner to ensure that the surgery goes well for you.

Your doctor will examine your bad back pain and decide whether Minimally Invasive Spine Surgery is right for you. If you’re a candidate, it’s better to talk to your physician about the advantages and disadvantages of this procedure.

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